Wellness Policy


Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule Greater Memphis Adventist Academy Wellness Policy

Table of Contents

Preamble ……………………………………………………………………2

School Wellness Committee ……………………………………………...3 Wellness Policy Implementation, Monitoring, Accountability, and Community Engagement …………………………..4

Nutrition ……………………………………………………………………..7

Physical Activity …………………………………………………………..12

Other Activities that Promote Student Wellness ………………………16 Glossary ……………………………………………………………………18

Appendix A: School Level Contacts …………………………………….19 2 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule Greater Memphis Adventist Academy Wellness Policy Note: This “Basic” GMAA-level wellness policy template meets the minimum Federal standards for local school wellness policy implementation under the final rule of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, the Alliance for a Healthier Generation Healthy Schools Program Bronze-level award criteria, and minimum best practice standards accepted in the education and public health fields. Where appropriate, the template includes optional policy language school GMAAs can use to establish a stronger policy that meets the Healthy Schools Program Silver or Gold award levels. School GMAAs should choose policy language that meets their current needs and also supports growth over time] If you are using this tool to compare your policy against, you should include the language in italics as the strongest examples for comparison. Preamble Greater Memphis Adventist Academy] (hereto referred to as GMAA) is committed to the optimal development of every student. GMAA believes that for students to have the opportunity to achieve personal, academic, developmental and social success, we need to create positive, safe and health-promoting learning environments at every level, in every setting, throughout the school year. Research shows that two components, good nutrition and physical activity before, during and after the school day, are strongly correlated with positive student outcomes. For example, student participation in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) School Breakfast Program is associated with higher grades and standardized test scores, lower absenteeism and better performance on cognitive tasks.1,2,3,4,5,6,7 Conversely, less-than-adequate consumption of specific foods including fruits, vegetables and dairy products, is associated with lower grades among students.8,9,10 In addition, students who are physically active through active transport to and from school, recess, physical activity breaks, high-quality physical education and extracurricular activities – do better academically.11,12,13,14. Finally, there is evidence that adequate hydration is associated with better cognitive performance. 15,16,17 This policy outlines GMAA’s approach to ensuring environments and opportunities for all students to practice healthy eating and physical activity behaviors throughout the school day while minimizing commercial distractions. Specifically, this policy establishes goals and procedures to ensure that: ▪ Students in GMAA have access to healthy foods throughout the school day ‒ both through reimbursable school meals and other foods available throughout the school campus‒ in accordance with Federal and state nutrition standards; ▪ Students receive quality nutrition education that helps them develop lifelong healthy eating behaviors; ▪ Students have opportunities to be physically active before, during and after school; ▪ Schools engage in nutrition and physical activity promotion and other activities that promote student wellness; ▪ School staff are encouraged and supported to practice healthy nutrition and physical activity behaviors in and out of school; ▪ The community is engaged in supporting the work of GMAA in creating continuity between school and other settings for students and staff to practice lifelong healthy habits; and 3 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule ▪ GMAA establishes and maintains an infrastructure for management, oversight, implementation, communication about and monitoring of the policy and its established goals and objectives. This policy applies to all students, staff and schools in GMAA. Specific measureable goals and outcomes are identified within each section below. ▪ GMAA will coordinate the wellness policy with other aspects of school management, including GMAA’s School Improvement Plan, when appropriate. ▪ NOTE: Will also include any relevant data or statistics from state or local sources supporting the need for establishing and achieving the goals in this policy.] I. School Wellness Committee Committee Role and Membership GMAA WILL convene a representative GMAA wellness committee (hereto referred to as the GMAA-WC, under the direction of the School Board Food Committee Chair ) that meets at least four times per year to establish goals for and oversee school health and safety policies and programs, including development, implementation and periodic review and update of this GMAABoard level wellness policy (heretofore referred as “wellness policy”). The GMAA-WC membership will represent all school levels (elementary and secondary schools) and include (to the extent possible), but not be limited to: parents and caregivers; students; representatives of the school nutrition program (e.g., school nutrition director); physical education teachers; health education teachers; school health professionals (e.g., health education teachers, school health services staff [e.g., nurses, physicians, dentists, health educators, and other allied health personnel who provide school health services], and mental health and social services staff [e.g., school counselors, psychologists, social workers, or psychiatrists]; school administrators (e.g.., superintendent, principal, vice principal), school board members; health professionals (e.g., dietitians, doctors, nurses, dentists); and the general public. When possible, membership will also include Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education coordinators (SNAP-EDEDSNAPEd). To the extent possible, the GMAA-WC will include representatives from each constituency of the school and reflect the diversity of the community. Leadership The Superintendent or designee(s) will convene the GMAA-WC and facilitate development of and updates to the wellness policy, and will ensure this school’s compliance with the policy. The designated official for oversight is Dr. J. Philip Williams – Principal 901-775-3960 phillip.williams@scc-adventist.org The name(s), title(s), and contact information of this/these individual(s) is(are): 4 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule Name Title / Relationship to the School or GMAA Email address Role on Committee Angela Hyde, Registered Dietician and Nutrition Consultant, DOA State of TN Community Member healthnugget@hotmail.com Assists in the development and evaluation of the wellness policy implementation Diane Baker – Director of Laboratory Services, Regional One Health Community Member Dcbaker79@gmail.com Assists in the development and evaluation of the wellness policy implementation Karen Jones Thomas, Teacher/USDA Food Program Manager GMAA School Staff Karen.jonesthomas@sccadventist.org Assists in the development and evaluation of the wellness policy implementation Moletta Robinson, retired. Grandmother and school board member Community Member ednabrandon@yahoo.com Assists in the evaluation of the wellness policy implementation Coach Echols Physical Education Teacher Assists in the development and evaluation of the wellness policy implementation Each school will designate a school wellness policy coordinator, who will ensure compliance with the policy. Refer to Appendix A for a list of school-level wellness policy coordinators. II. Wellness Policy Implementation, Monitoring, Accountability and Community Engagement Implementation Plan GMAA will develop and maintain a plan for implementation to manage and coordinate the execution of this wellness policy. The plan delineates roles, responsibilities, actions and timelines specific to each school; and includes information about who will be responsible to make what change, by how much, where and when; as well as specific goals and objectives for nutrition 5 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule standards for all foods and beverages available on the school campus, food and beverage marketing, nutrition promotion and education, physical activity, physical education and other school-based activities that promote student wellness. GMAA will use the Healthy Schools Program online tools to complete a school-level assessment based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s School Health Index, create an action plan that fosters implementation and generate an annual progress report. This wellness policy and the progress reports can be found at: http://www.alcysdaacademy.com Recordkeeping GMAA will retain records to document compliance with the requirements of the wellness policy at GMAA’s Administrative Offices, Room #1 and/or on GMAA’s central computer network. Documentation maintained in this location will include but will not be limited to: ▪ The written wellness policy; ▪ Documentation demonstrating that the policy has been made available to the public; ▪ Documentation of efforts to review and update the Local Schools Wellness Policy; including an indication of who is involved in the update and methods GMAA uses to make stakeholders aware of their ability to participate on the GMAA-WC; ▪ Documentation to demonstrate compliance with the annual public notification requirements; ▪ The most recent assessment on the implementation of the local school wellness policy; ▪ Documentation demonstrating the most recent assessment on the implementation of the Local School Wellness Policy has been made available to the public. Annual Notification of Policy GMAA will actively inform families and the public each year of basic information about this policy, including its content, any updates to the policy and implementation status. GMAA will make this information available via GMAA website and/or GMAA-wide communications. GMAA will provide as much information as possible about the school nutrition environment. This will include a summary of GMAA’s events or activities related to wellness policy implementation. Annually, GMAA will also publicize the name and contact information of GMAA/school officials leading and coordinating the committee, as well as information on how the public can get involved with the school wellness committee. Triennial Progress Assessments At least once every three years, GMAA will evaluate compliance with the wellness policy to assess the implementation of the policy and include: ▪ The extent to which schools under the jurisdiction of GMAA are in compliance with the wellness policy; ▪ The extent to which GMAA’s wellness policy compares to the Alliance for a Healthier Generation’s model wellness policy; and ▪ A description of the progress made in attaining the goals of GMAA’s wellness policy. The position/person responsible for managing the triennial assessment and contact information is ________ Mr. Johnny Holiday – Superintendent - Office of Education, South Central Conference of Seventh-Day Adventist johnny.holiday@scc-adventist.org 6 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule Dr. Phillip Williams – Principal ___phillip.williams@scc-adventist.org Karen Jones Thomas – USDA SFA Program Manager karen.jonesthomas@scc-adventist.org The GMAA-WC, in collaboration with the GMAA School Board and Constituency Health Leaders and Home and School Leaders, will monitor schools’ compliance with this wellness policy. GMAA will actively notify households/families of the availability of the triennial progress report. Revisions and Updating the Policy The GMAA-WC will update or modify the wellness policy based on the results of the annual School Health Index and triennial assessments and/or as GMAA priorities change; community needs change; wellness goals are met; new health science, information, and technology emerges; and new Federal or state guidance or standards are issued. The wellness policy will be assessed and updated as indicated at least every three years, following the triennial assessment. Community Involvement, Outreach and Communications GMAA is committed to being responsive to community input, which begins with awareness of the wellness policy. GMAA will actively communicate ways in which representatives of GMAA-WC and others can participate in the development, implementation and periodic review and update of the wellness policy through a variety of means appropriate for that GMAA. GMAA will also inform parents of the improvements that have been made to school meals and compliance with school meal standards, availability of child nutrition programs and how to apply, and a description of and compliance with Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards. GMAA will use electronic mechanisms, such as email or displaying notices on GMAA’s website, as well as non-electronic mechanisms, such as newsletters, presentations to parents, or sending information home to parents, to ensure that all families are actively notified of the content of, implementation of, and updates to the wellness policy, as well as how to get involved and support the policy. GMAA will ensure that communications are culturally and linguistically appropriate to the community, and accomplished through means similar to other ways that GMAA and individual schools are communicating important school information with parents. GMAA will actively notify the public about the content of or any updates to the wellness policy annually, at a minimum. GMAA will also use these mechanisms to inform the community about the availability of the annual and triennial reports. III. Nutrition School Meals Our school GMAA is committed to serving healthy meals to children, with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free and low-fat milk; that are moderate in sodium, low in saturated fat, and have zero grams trans fat per serving (nutrition label or manufacturer’s specification); and to meeting the nutrition needs of school children within their calorie requirements. The school meal programs aim to improve the diet and health of school children, help mitigate childhood obesity, model healthy eating to support the development of lifelong 7 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule healthy eating patterns and support healthy choices while accommodating cultural food preferences and special dietary needs. GMAA participates in USDA child nutrition programs, including the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), the School Breakfast Program (SBP), and Special Milk Program (SMP), GMAA also operates additional nutrition-related programs and activities including wellness education classes. GMAA is committed to offering school meals through the NSLP and SBP programs, and other applicable Federal child nutrition programs, that: ▪ Are accessible to all students; ▪ Are appealing and attractive to children; ▪ Are served in clean and pleasant settings; ▪ Meet or exceed current nutrition requirements established by local, state, and Federal statutes and regulations. (GMAA offers reimbursable school meals that meet USDA nutrition standards.) ▪ Promote healthy food and beverage choices using at least ten of the following Smarter Lunchroom techniques: − Whole fruit options are displayed in attractive bowls or baskets (instead of chaffing dishes or hotel pans). − Daily fruit options are displayed in a location in the line of sight and reach of students. − All available vegetable options have been given creative or descriptive names. − All staff members, especially those serving, have been trained to politely prompt students to select and consume the daily vegetable options with their meal. − White milk is placed in front of other beverages in all coolers. − A reimbursable meal can be created in any service area available to students (e.g., salad bars, snack rooms, etc.). − Student surveys and taste testing opportunities are used to inform menu development, dining space decor and promotional ideas. − Student artwork is displayed in the service and/or dining areas. − Daily announcements are used to promote and market menu options. Additionally: ▪ Menus will be posted on GMAA website or individual school websites, and will include nutrient content and ingredients. ▪ Menus will be created/reviewed by a Registered Dietitian or other certified nutrition professional. ▪ School meals are administered by a team of child nutrition professionals. ▪ GMAA child nutrition program will accommodate students with special dietary needs. ▪ Students will be allowed at least 10 minutes to eat breakfast and at least 20 minutes to eat lunch, counting from the time they have received their meal and are seated (meets Healthy Schools Program Gold-level criteria). ▪ Students are served lunch at a reasonable and appropriate time of day. ▪ Lunch will follow the recess period to better support learning and healthy eating. ▪ Participation in Federal child nutrition programs will be promoted among students and families to help ensure that families know what programs are available in their children’s school. ▪ GMAA will implement at least four of the following five Farm to School activities (meets Healthy Schools Program Gold-level criteria; mark/circle the four activities GMAA plans to do): − Local and/or regional products are incorporated into the school meal program; 8 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule − Messages about agriculture and nutrition are reinforced throughout the learning environment; − School hosts a school garden;(starting 2017-2018 school year) − School hosts field trips to local farms; and − School utilizes promotions or special events, such as tastings, that highlight the local/ regional products.] Staff Qualifications and Professional Development All school nutrition program directors, managers and staff will meet or exceed hiring and annual continuing education/training requirements in the USDA professional standards for child nutrition professionals. These school nutrition personnel will refer to USDA’s Professional Standards for School Nutrition Standards website to search for training that meets their learning needs. Water To promote hydration, free, safe, unflavored drinking water will be available to all students throughout the school day* and throughout our campus* (“school campus” and “school day” are defined in the glossary). GMAA will make drinking water available where school meals are served during mealtimes. ▪ All water sources and containers will be maintained on a regular basis to ensure good hygiene and health safety standards. Such sources and containers may include drinking fountains, water jugs, hydration stations, water jets and other methods for delivering drinking water.] ▪ Students will be allowed to bring and carry (approved) water bottles filled with only water with them throughout the day. Competitive Foods and Beverages GMAA is committed to ensuring that all foods and beverages available to students on the school campus* during the school day* support healthy eating. The foods and beverages sold and served outside of the school meal programs (e.g., “competitive” foods and beverages) will meet the USDA Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards, at a minimum. Smart Snacks aim to improve student health and well-being, increase consumption of healthful foods during the school day and create an environment that reinforces the development of healthy eating habits. A summary of the standards and information, as well as a Guide to Smart Snacks in Schools are available at: http://www.fns.usda.gov/healthierschoolday/tools-schools-smart-snacks. The Alliance for a Healthier Generation provides a set of tools to assist with implementation of Smart Snacks available at www.foodplanner.healthiergeneration.org. Celebrations and Rewards All foods offered on the school campus will meet or exceed the USDA Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards [or, if the state policy is stronger, “will meet or exceed state nutrition standards”], including through: 1. Celebrations and parties. GMAA will provide a list of healthy party ideas to parents and teachers, including non-food celebration ideas. Healthy party ideas are available from the Alliance for a Healthier Generation and from the USDA. 9 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule 2. Classroom snacks brought by parents. GMAA will provide to parents a list of foods and beverages that meet Smart Snacks nutrition standards. 3. Rewards and incentives. GMAA will provide teachers and other relevant school staff a list of alternative ways to reward children. Foods and beverages will not be used as a reward, or withheld as punishment for any reason, such as for performance or behavior. [Meets Healthy Schools Program Silver-level criteria] Fundraising Foods and beverages that meet or exceed the USDA Smart Snacks in Schools nutrition standards may be sold through fundraisers on the school campus* during the school day*. GMAA will make available to parents and teachers a list of healthy fundraising ideas [examples from the Alliance for a Healthier Generation and the USDA]. ▪ GMAA will use only non-food fundraisers, and encourage those promoting physical activity (such as walk-a-thons, Jump Rope for Heart, fun runs, etc.). ▪ Fundraising during and outside school hours will sell only non-food items or foods and beverages that meet or exceed the Smart Snacks nutrition standards. These fundraisers may include but are not limited to, donation nights at restaurants, cookie dough, candy and pizza sales, market days, etc. (Meets Healthy Schools Program Gold-level criteria)] Nutrition Promotion Nutrition promotion and education positively influence lifelong eating behaviors by using evidence-based techniques and nutrition messages, and by creating food environments that encourage healthy nutrition choices and encourage participation in school meal programs. Students and staff will receive consistent nutrition messages throughout schools, classrooms, gymnasiums, and cafeterias. Nutrition promotion also includes marketing and advertising nutritious foods and beverages to students and is most effective when implemented consistently through a comprehensive and multi-channel approach by school staff, teachers, parents, students and the community. GMAA will promote healthy food and beverage choices for all students throughout the school campus, as well as encourage participation in school meal programs. This promotion will occur through at least: ▪ Implementing at least ten or more evidence-based healthy food promotion techniques through the school meal programs using Smarter Lunchroom techniques; and ▪ Ensuring 100% of foods and beverages promoted to students meet the USDA Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards. Additional promotion techniques that GMAA and individual schools may use are available at http://www.foodplanner.healthiergeneration.org/. Nutrition Education GMAA will teach, model, encourage and support healthy eating by all students. Our school will provide nutrition education and engage in nutrition promotion that: ▪ Is designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to promote and protect their health; 10 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule ▪ Is part of not only health education classes, but also integrated into other classroom instruction through subjects such as math, science, language arts, social sciences and elective subjects; ▪ Includes enjoyable, developmentally-appropriate, culturally-relevant and participatory activities, such as cooking demonstrations or lessons, promotions, taste-testing, farm visits and school gardens; ▪ Promotes fruits, vegetables, whole-grain products, low-fat and fat-free dairy products and healthy food preparation methods; ▪ Emphasizes caloric balance between food intake and energy expenditure (promotes physical activity/exercise); ▪ Links with school meal programs, cafeteria nutrition promotion activities, school gardens, Farm to School programs, other school foods and nutrition-related community services; ▪ Teaches media literacy with an emphasis on food and beverage marketing; and ▪ Includes nutrition education training for teachers and other staff. In addition: ▪ In elementary schools, nutrition education will be offered at each grade level as part of a sequential, comprehensive, standards-based health education curriculum that meets state and national standards (meets Healthy Schools Program Silver/Gold-level criteria). ▪ All health education teachers will provide opportunities for students to practice or rehearse the skills taught through the health education curricula (meets Healthy Schools Program Silver/Gold-level criteria).] Essential Healthy Eating Topics in Health Education GMAA will include in the health education curriculum a minimum of 12 of the following essential topics on healthy eating: ▪ Relationship between healthy eating and personal health and disease prevention ▪ Food guidance from MyPlate ▪ Reading and using FDA's nutrition fact labels ▪ Eating a variety of foods every day ▪ Balancing food intake and physical activity ▪ Eating more fruits, vegetables and whole grain products ▪ Choosing foods that are low in fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol and do not contain trans fat ▪ Choosing foods and beverages with little added sugars ▪ Eating more calcium-rich foods ▪ Preparing healthy meals and snacks ▪ Risks of unhealthy weight control practices ▪ Accepting body size differences ▪ Food safety ▪ Importance of water consumption ▪ Importance of eating breakfast ▪ Making healthy choices when eating at restaurants ▪ Eating disorders ▪ The Dietary Guidelines for Americans ▪ Reducing sodium intake ▪ Social influences on healthy eating, including media, family, peers and culture ▪ How to find valid information or services related to nutrition and dietary behavior ▪ How to develop a plan and track progress toward achieving a personal goal to eat healthfully ▪ Resisting peer pressure related to unhealthy dietary behavior 11 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule ▪ Influencing, supporting, or advocating for others’ healthy dietary behavior Food and Beverage Marketing in Schools GMAA is committed to providing a school environment that ensures opportunities for all students to practice healthy eating and physical activity behaviors throughout the school day while minimizing commercial distractions. GMAA strives to teach students how to make informed choices about nutrition, health and physical activity. These efforts will be weakened if students are subjected to advertising on GMAA property that contains messages inconsistent with the health information GMAA is imparting through nutrition education and health promotion efforts. It is the intent of GMAA to protect and promote student’s health by permitting advertising and marketing for only those foods and beverages that are permitted to be sold on the school campus, consistent with GMAA’s wellness policy. Any foods and beverages marketed or promoted to students on the school campus* during the school day* will meet or exceed the USDA Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards such that only those foods that comply with or exceed those nutrition standards are permitted to be marketed or promoted to students. Food and beverage marketing is defined as advertising and other promotions in schools. Food and beverage marketing often includes an oral, written, or graphic statements made for the purpose of promoting the sale of a food or beverage product made by the producer, manufacturer, seller or any other entity with a commercial interest in the product.15 This term includes, but is not limited to the following: ▪ Brand names, trademarks, logos or tags, except when placed on a physically present food or beverage product or its container. ▪ Displays, such as on vending machine exteriors ▪ Corporate brand, logo, name or trademark on school equipment, such as marquees, message boards, scoreboards or backboards (Note: immediate replacement of these items are not required; however, GMAAs will replace or update scoreboards or other durable equipment when existing contracts are up for renewal or to the extent that is in financially possible over time so that items are in compliance with the marketing policy.) ▪ Corporate brand, logo, name or trademark on cups used for beverage dispensing, menu boards, coolers, trash cans and other food service equipment; as well as on posters, book covers, pupil assignment books or school supplies displayed, distributed, offered or sold by GMAA. ▪ Advertisements in school publications or school mailings. ▪ Free product samples, taste tests or coupons of a product, or free samples displaying advertising of a product. As GMAA/school nutrition services/Athletics Department/PTA/PTO reviews existing contracts and considers new contracts, equipment and product purchasing (and replacement) decisions should reflect the applicable marketing guidelines established by GMAA wellness policy. 12 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule IV. Physical Activity Children and adolescents should participate in at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day. A substantial percentage of students’ physical activity can be provided through a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP). A CSPAP reflects strong coordination and synergy across all of the components: quality physical education as the foundation; physical activity before, during and after school; staff involvement and family and community engagement and GMAA is committed to providing these opportunities. GMAA will ensure that these varied physical activity opportunities are in addition to, and not as a substitute for, physical education (addressed in “Physical Education” subsection). GMAA will participate in Let’s Move! Active Schools (www.letsmoveschools.org) in order to successfully address all CSPAP areas. Physical activity during the school day (including but not limited to recess, classroom physical activity breaks or physical education) will not be withheld as punishment for any reason [ “This does not include participation on sports teams that have specific academic requirements]. GMAA will provide teachers and other school staff with a list of ideas for alternative ways to discipline students. To the extent practicable, GMAA will ensure that its grounds and facilities are safe and that equipment is available to students to be active. GMAA will conduct necessary inspections and repairs: ▪ Through a formal joint- or shared-use agreement, indoor and outdoor physical activity facilities and spaces will be open to students, their families, and the community outside of school hours (meets Healthy Schools Program Gold-level criteria). Change Lab Solutions provides guidance regarding joint- or shared-use agreements. ▪ GMAA will work with the School Board, and school staff to ensure that inventories of physical activity supplies and equipment are known and, when necessary, will work with community partners to ensure sufficient quantities of equipment are available to encourage physical activity for as many students as possible. Physical Education GMAA will provide students with physical education, using an age-appropriate, sequential physical education curriculum consistent with national and state standards for physical education. The physical education curriculum will promote the benefits of a physically active lifestyle and will help students develop skills to engage in lifelong healthy habits, as well as incorporate essential health education concepts (discussed in the “Essential Physical Activity Topics in Health Education” subsection). The curriculum will support the essential components of physical education. All students will be provided equal opportunity to participate in physical education classes. GMAA will make appropriate accommodations to allow for equitable participation for all students and will adapt physical education classes and equipment as necessary. All GMAA elementary students in each grade will receive physical education for at least 150 minutes per week throughout the school year (meets Healthy Schools Gold-level criteria). 13 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule All GMAA secondary students (middle and high school) are required to take physical education throughout all secondary school years (meets Healthy Schools Gold-level criteria). GMAA physical education program will promote student physical fitness through individualized fitness and activity assessments (via the Presidential Youth Fitness Program or other appropriate assessment tool) and will use criterion-based reporting for each student. ▪ Students will be moderately to vigorously active for at least 50% of class time during most or all physical education class sessions (meets Healthy Schools Program Silver-level criteria). ▪ All physical education teachers at GMAA will be required to participate in at least a once a year professional development in education (meets Healthy Schools Program Silver-level criteria). ▪ GMAA’s 3-year goal for all physical education classes: They will be taught by licensed teachers who are certified or endorsed to teach physical education (meets Healthy Schools Program Gold-level criteria). ▪ Waivers, exemptions, or substitutions for physical education classes are not granted. Essential Physical Activity Topics in Health Education Health education will be required in all grades (elementary) and GMAA will require middle and high school students to take and pass at least one health education course. GMAA will include in the health education curriculum a minimum of 12 of the following essential topics on physical activity: ▪ The physical, psychological, or social benefits of physical activity ▪ How physical activity can contribute to a healthy weight ▪ How physical activity can contribute to the academic learning process ▪ How an inactive lifestyle contributes to chronic disease ▪ Health-related fitness, that is, cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, and body composition ▪ Differences between physical activity, exercise and fitness ▪ Phases of an exercise session, that is, warm up, workout and cool down ▪ Overcoming barriers to physical activity ▪ Decreasing sedentary activities, such as TV watching ▪ Opportunities for physical activity in the community ▪ Preventing injury during physical activity ▪ Weather-related safety, for example, avoiding heat stroke, hypothermia and sunburn while being physically active ▪ How much physical activity is enough, that is, determining frequency, intensity, time and type of physical activity ▪ Developing an individualized physical activity and fitness plan ▪ Monitoring progress toward reaching goals in an individualized physical activity plan ▪ Dangers of using performance-enhancing drugs, such as steroids ▪ Social influences on physical activity, including media, family, peers and culture ▪ How to find valid information or services related to physical activity and fitness ▪ How to influence, support, or advocate for others to engage in physical activity ▪ How to resist peer pressure that discourages physical activity. 14 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule Recess (Elementary) GMAA will offer at least 20 minutes of recess on all days during the school year This policy may be waived on early dismissal or late arrival days). If recess is offered before lunch, GMAA students will have appropriate hand-washing facilities and/or hand-sanitizing mechanisms located just inside/outside the cafeteria to ensure proper hygiene prior to eating and students are required to use these mechanisms before eating. Hand-washing time, as well as time to put away coats/hats/gloves, will be built in to the recess transition period/timeframe before students enter the cafeteria. Outdoor recess will be offered when weather is feasible for outdoor play. “Students will be allowed outside for recess except when outdoor temperature is above/below GMAA-set temperature, inclusive of wind chill factors, during “code orange” or “code red” days, during storms with lightening or thunder, or at the discretion of the building administrator based on his/her best judgment of safety conditions.” GMAA Set Temperature for Recess: Understand the Weather Wind-Chill • 30°is chilly and generally uncomfortable • 15°to 30° is cold • 0° to 15° is very cold • -20° to 0° is bitter cold with significant risk of frostbite • -20° to -60° is extreme cold and frostbite is likely • -60° is frigid and exposed skin will freeze in 1 minute Heat Index • 80° or below is considered comfortable • 90° beginning to feel uncomfortable • 100° uncomfortable and may be hazardous • 110° considered dangerous All temperatures are in degrees Source: Fahrenheit Weather Guidelines for Children In the event that the school or GMAA must conduct indoor recess, teachers and staff will follow the indoor recess guidelines that promote physical activity for students, to the extent practicable. 15 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule ACTIVE INDOOR RECESS GUIDELINES: Don’t wait to plan indoor recess!  Enough trained adults  Enough space, facilities, and equipment  Partner Up! Training Power Point: http://www.actionforhealthykids.org/storage/documents/Active_Indoor_Recess_- _FINAL.pdf What is Active Indoor Recess? Planned and actively supervised indoor activities for students  Organized play led by trained adults and older students  Emphasis on turntaking, helpfulness, rule-following, and emotional control. What materials are needed? Soft, foam equipment  Equipment Ideas: Movement Dice Juggling Scarves Classroom Yoga Cards HotSpots™ Exercise Sets  Indoor Recess Bags  Imagination Playground. Indoor Game Ideas: Organize a year-round walking club  Try chair-less musical chairs  Pass It On – Uno Style!  Movement Jenga  Use GoNoodle!  Brain Breaks and Energizers. Also, “Indoor Recess 13-15 Minute Mega Mix” on Facebook and online. Use “Follow Along” videos to create movement Examples: Sid Shuffle-Ice Age: Continental Drift or Zumba  Play “Wax Museum” – this is a relatively quiet game too! All these ideas where found on AFHK Social Media:  Practice Animal Yoga  Build Physical Activity Cubes  Hallway races or relays  Indoor snowball fight  Balloon Paddle Ball  4 Corners Indoor Recess Tips: Ask around if parents and teachers are fitness instructors!  Recruit older student leaders to lead indoor recess activities.  Get student input!  Establish indoor recess structures and routines. Value of volunteers  Bring enhanced/expert knowledge base, valuable resources & skills  New perspective & energy  Lasting impact and contribution  Free help & support  Motivation of volunteers  Personal benefits to volunteering  Relational/social & availability  Vested interest in the organization/cause “Volunteers are partners working together for improving America's future.” -Richard Daley Make Indoor Recess Inclusive:  Children with special needs and typically developing children should participate side by side.  Assess the ability needs of your students.  Modify activities to ensure that all students can join in. 16 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule Indoor Recess Resources: Peaceful Playgrounds  Playworks  JAM Program  Apply for School Grants for Healthy Kids to purchase equipment and materials to host indoor active recess. Healthy Tools for Schools: http://www.actionforhealthykids.org/tools-for-schools GMAA Wellness Council will continue to create and/ or facilitate development of indoor recess guidelines. Recess will complement, not substitute, physical education class. Recess monitors or teachers will encourage students to be active, and will serve as role models by being physically active alongside the students whenever feasible. Classroom Physical Activity Breaks (Elementary and Secondary) GMAA recognizes that students are more attentive and ready to learn if provided with periodic breaks when they can be physically active or stretch. Thus, students will be offered periodic opportunities to be active or to stretch throughout the day on all or most days during a typical school week. GMAA recommends teachers provide short (3-5-minute) physical activity breaks to students during and between classroom time at least three days per week. These physical activity breaks will complement, not substitute, for physical education class, recess, and class transition periods. GMAA will provide resources and links to resources, tools, and technology with ideas for classroom physical activity breaks. Resources and ideas are available through USDA and the Alliance for a Healthier Generation. Active Academics Teachers will incorporate movement and kinesthetic learning approaches into “core” subject instruction when possible (e.g., science, math, language arts, social studies and others) and do their part to limit sedentary behavior during the school day. 17 GMAA IS A MEMBER SCHOOL - ALLIANCE FOR A HEALTHIER GENERATION WELLNESS POLICY Updated 3/2017 to Reflect the USDA Final Rule GMAA will support classroom teachers incorporating physical activity and employing kinesthetic learning approaches into core subjects by providing annual professional development opportunities and resources, including information on leading activities, activity options, as well as making available background material on the connections between learning and movement. Teachers will serve as role models by being physically active alongside the students whenever feasible. Before and After School Activities GMAA offers opportunities for students to participate in physical activity either before and/or after the school day (or both) through a variety of methods. GMAA will encourage students to be physically active before and after school by: physical activity in aftercare, intramurals or interscholastic sports, four-square tournaments, etc. Active Transport